A total of 86 percent of adult Filipinos rated their present life positively in the fourth quarter of the 2018 Social Weather Survey, a slight drop from 87 percent in December 2017, according to the Social Weather Stations (SWS).
Meanwhile, 4 percent rated their present lives with a neutral zero and 10 percent rated it with a negative number, yielding a mean nationwide Anamnestic Comparative Self-Assessment (ACSA) rating of +2.60 on a scale that goes from -5 to +5.
The mean ACSA rating in December 2017 was +2.82 with six percent of Filipinos rating their present lives with a neutral zero and seven percent rating it negatively.
The SWS explained that “anamnestic” is defined as “based on memory.” It describes a comparison with the respondents’ personal memories of their "personal best and worst times in the past."
According to the pooling firm, the ACSA survey question specifically asks respondents to place the past two weeks of their present lives on a scale from -5 to +5, where -5 means “As bad as the worst period personally experienced in my life” and +5 means “As good as the best period personally experienced in my life.”
The respondents then choose an answer from the 11-point scale [-5, -4, -3, -2, -1, 0, +1, +2, +3, +4, +5].
The fourth quarter 2018 Social Weather Survey was conducted from December 16-19, 2018 using face-to-face interviews among 1,440 adult respondents.
The survey was non-commissioned.
The December 2018 Social Weather Survey was only the second time the ACSA scale was applied in a national survey of well-being in the country.
ACSA and morale indicators
The mean ACSA was +3.29 among those who described themselves as “Very satisfied with life” while it was +2.55 among those “Fairly satisfied,” +1.47 among those “Not very satisfied,” and +0.88 among those “Not at all satisfied” with life.
In relation to happiness, the mean ACSA was +3.37 among those who described themselves as “Very happy,” +2.47 among those “Fairly happy,” +0.94 among those who are “Not very happy,” and +0.06 among those who are “Not at all happy.”
ACSA and self-rated poverty and hunger
In both December 2017 and 2018, the mean ACSA ratings were lower among the “Self-Rated Poor” compared to the “Self-Rated Non-Poor.” The figure was also lower among people who experienced involuntary hunger against those who did not.
In the last quarter of 2018, the self-rated poor had a mean ACSA of +2.36, lower than the +2.83 mean of those who considered themselves non-poor.
Similarly, the +1.96 mean ACSA of those who had experienced some degree of involuntary hunger was lower than the +2.67 rating of those who had not experienced any involuntary hunger.
ACSA ratings across demographics
By area, respondents in Balance Luzon had the highest mean ACSA with +2.92, followed by Mindanao with +2.70, Metro Manila with +2.40, and Visayas with +1.89.
Females rated their present lives slightly more positively than males with a mean ACSA rating of +2.63 compared to men’s +2.57.
The mean ACSA was highest among respondents aged 18-24 years old at +2.89; followed by those aged 25-34 years old at +2.75; respondents aged 55 years old and above at +2.61; those aged 35-44 years old at +2.56; and those aged 45-54 years old at +2.26.
Those from socio-economic class ABC had the highest mean ACSA with a score of +2.97, followed by class D with +2.71 and class E with +1.90.
By educational attainment, college graduates had the highest mean ACSA with +3.04, while high school graduates and elementary graduates had almost the same mean (+2.63 and +2.62, respectively). Respondents who did not graduate from elementary had a mean ACSA of +2.08. —LDF, GMA News